Sugar is an essential part of people's daily lives. It is found in common snacks, beverages, seasonings, and cakes. Sometimes, we also add sugar to dishes to enhance flavor. It can be said that sugar is very versatile, but nowadays, diabetes has become a common illness, no longer limited to the elderly. In modern society, many unhealthy habits lead to diabetes becoming increasingly prevalent among younger people. However, there are still many who do not understand how to reduce sugar intake or how to control it, or how to consume sugar in a healthier way, which leads to dietary misunderstanding.
Most people believe that when blood sugar levels reach a certain degree, they will no longer consume sweet foods. However, there is still a magical existence in nature — sweeteners.
When discussing natural sweeteners, people often assume that they are unhealthy additives that should not be consumed. However, there are many common sweeteners found on the market, and substitutes for white or cane sugar are not really sugars, but rather a type of sweetener that produces sweetness. Nowadays, sugar substitutes are often used in the food industry, but what types of substitutes are there and how do we choose them?
Sugar substitutes are mainly divided into two types, one is nutritional sweeteners (which produce heat), and the other is non-nutritional sweeteners (which do not produce heat).
Natural substitutes>sugar alcohol>ordinary sugars>synthetic sweeteners→ Natural substitutes and sugar alcohol are relatively healthier substitutes, while the latter two should be consumed less if possible.
Natural sweeteners, also known as natural substitutes, are extracted from natural plants. They have similar sweetness as synthetic sweeteners but are much safer, making them the healthiest substitutes.
According to related research data showing comprehensively in sweetness, effectiveness, and taste, people recommend the use of Siraitia grosvenorii sweeteners, stevia glycosides, and erythritol as sugar substitutes.
Siraitia grosvenorii sweeteners are made from the fruits of the fruit plant Siraitia grosvenorii. They are refined through extraction, concentration, drying and other processes. They have zero calories, do not affect blood sugar, and the heat from 50% of Siraitia grosvenorii sweeteners is less than one-tenth of cane sugar, so they are very suitable for people who want to control or reduce sugar intake. Compared with cane sugar or synthetic sweeteners, natural substitutes are safer and can be used in various types of food such as dairy products, frozen drinks, baked foods, and beverages, depending on production needs.
In addition, Siraitia grosvenorii sweeteners also have a certain effect on reducing blood sugar. This sweetener is a triterpenoid compound, which is a non-sugar component that does not affect blood sugar, nor does it stimulate pancreatic β-cells to secrete insulin, weakening the damage of uridine to pancreatic β-cells, helping to improve the function of damaged cells, and having a certain regulation effect on blood sugar. A study on diabetic mice showed that Siraitia Grosvenorii extract can lower oxidative stress and blood sugar levels, and increase the content of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol.